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The Xoloitzcuintle breed profile is sponsored by visit PetWear to custom design your Xolo's next designer dog collar, leash or more and then let PetWear hand make it and then ship for free!

Xolo (pronounced Shollo), as this breed is called by its fanciers, is the most popular of the hairless breeds (the Chinese Crested being better known but it is not entirely hairless).  From Mexico, it dates back to the time of the Aztecs and into antiquity.   This is not to be confused with the Mexican Hairless dog as it is a dog of Toy stature and a separate breed.

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General Information
Group(s): Non-SportingHoundsSighthoundPrimitive-Pariah Height: toy up to 13 inches; miniature 13-18 inches; standard 18-23 inches
Weight: proportionate Longevity: easily into the teens
Colors: albinism is disallowed, dark colors are preferred as are solid tones but parti-colors are seen Coat type: hairless, thus requiring appropriate skin care and protection from cold, some coarse short hair can appear on the head and neck and feet
Recognized Registries: FCI, UKC, FCM
Overall Appearance: Rather Terrier type with large Manchester Terrier ears, full and erect. Alert expression and solid body without stockiness. Being hairless is definitive, but the type should not suffer as a result.
Personaility - Behavior - Training
Energy Level: moderate
General Nature: easy going, reserved with strangers, happy and relatively quiet
  with Children: very good if properly introduced over time with calmness
  with other pets: very good given proper conditions and manners are apparent in all
  with dogs: very good if properly socialized
Socialization requirements: REQUIRED, it is suggested that this dog never be forced to contend with something, rather it be given quiet and patience to assess a situation or individual as safe
Ideal home characteristics: one that appreciates the unique care required (due to its hairlessness) in skin care and protection from cold, also understanding of the intelligent and aloof nature of this dog with new situations, will require calm patience (which is always preferable)
Temperament Notes: intelligent, active, generally quiet
Training requirement: moderate; will do well with socializing, housetraining and basic manners
Trainer notes: A highly companionable breed that will seek to provide whatever is asked.  Intelligent and responsive, odds are that a lack of appropriate behavior are due to a lack of communication and motivation (both things that must result from the trainer).  Patience in addressing new situations is advisable as this dog's generally reserved nature will bring about a much more positive response if he/she is allowed to find a comfort level on their own in regards to new people and things.
Background Information
Year range of first recognition: Antiquity
Country of Origin: Mexico
Original Function: Food, companion and healthcare
History: The companions of the Aztecs, it is surmised that they were brought over to Mexico from Asia, likely sharing a common ancestor with the Chinese Crested. It's challenges not over, it has suffered from limited popularity with its numbers waxing and waning.
Adoption Information
Deviations from Standard: dewlaps, oversize, poor dentition
Health Notes: none noted although typical eye problems and luxating patellas are probably a concern
Health Testing: CERF; OFA (patellas)
Questions to ask Breeder:  - The Breeder Questions as listed here provided with explanations and answers you will want to be looking for!

  • How long have you had Xolos?
  • How do you determine your breeding stock?
  • Do you get any health clearances on your breeding stock?
  • What health problems are you aware of in the breed?
  • What do you consider proper temperament?
  • What titles do you seek for your breeding stock?
  • Do you plan to keep a puppy from this litter?
  • Do you have a written contract and puppy guarantee?
  • What instructions do you have regarding care, training and socializing of a Xolo?
  • What do you consider an ideal home for a Xolo?
Web Sites: - Hairless Dog rescue

Xolo Rescue
Thousand Oaks, CA
Phone: (805) 379-1208

- Send an email to to subscribe to the most popular Xolo list or learn more at

Other Resources
Breed standard: Standard of the Xolo; the most referenced standard for the breed in the world -Standard for the three sizes of Xolo as per the FCI

Breeder Ethics: The FCM (Mexican Kennel Club) offers a great website, in Spanish, with the English version under construction.  US Clubs seem to lack a website at present so references are limited.  Proper breeder responsibilities are clearly outlined in the breeder ethics' of other breeds and recommends that you become familiar with those as a general guideline.  In the meantime, those most interested in the Xolo would likely benefit from joining the YahooGroup
Other: The Xolo enjoys a remarkable distinction.  While science indicates that the dog is capable of being kept as a vegetarian, the Xolo is referenced as having been developed as a vegetarian that now converts well to a meat-based diet.  This, in addition to its lack of fleas (a real boon to those with allergies and asthma) make it an especially compelling consideration.  Additionally, it is fascinating as a historical note since (to the knowledge of DigitalDog) there has been no widespread effort or study done on vegetarianism in dogs.  To have a breed that was developed and existed successfully is a major footnote worthy of consideration as questions of the quality of dog foods and the meat in them continue to be raised.
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