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The Papillon breed profile is sponsored by visit PetWear to custom design your Papillon's next designer dog collar, leash or more and then let PetWear hand make it and then ship for free!

For Toy Dog lovers, the charm of the Papillon is difficult to overlook.  Active and quick, it is easy to forget how fragile they are.  More than a pretty package, the achievements of Papillons in a variety of dogsport also demonstrates their enthusiasm, intelligence and athleticism. For the lover of big dogs, considering a small or toy dog, the Papillon would be high on the list.

By Breed Name
By Breed Name
General Information
Group(s): Toy Height: 8-11 inches
Weight: usually under 13 pounds Longevity: high teens
Colors: white with patches of color which may be any color except liver Coat type: long, fine and silky. Lying flat on neck, back and sides. Chest, ears, tails and legs are all feathered/plumed. Smooth and short on face. No undercoat.
Recognized Registries: FCI, ANKC, CKC, TKC, AKC, UKC, IKC, NCA and others
Overall Appearance: Dainty, well balanced small dog with square ratio of body to height. Spaniel type expression and head with similar silky but profuse coat. Ears are distinctive and give the breed it's French name meaning butterfly.
Personaility - Behavior - Training
Energy Level: moderate
General Nature: exceptionally well natured unless indulged and spoiled
  with Children: good but remember how fragile they are, can react in fear to rough, noisy children or be hurt by them
  with other pets: generally very good unless they feel threatened
  with dogs: generally very good unless they feel threatened
Socialization requirements: moderate, a well bred Papillon will do well with some socializing, a poorly bred one could be difficult
Ideal home characteristics: one that understands not to drop the dog or push them off furniture (a jump of a foot or more can result in serious injury to Toys); ideal for apartments/condos, can be trained to papers,
Temperament Notes: happy, fun, happy, intelligent, confident
Training requirement: This dog exults in learning and doing things with you, so why wouldn't you train? Consider agility and obedience, Pet Therapy is another endeavor that they greatly enjoy and are exceptionally talented for.
Trainer notes: Perhaps the most popular Toy Dog for trainers (after the highly regarded Toy Poodle), the Papillon trains easily.  Their enthusiasm and inherent desire to please their companion makes it difficult for it to be otherwise.  Remarkably clever, high desire to please and athletic ability only adds to the mix.  Techniques, in addition to clearly being positive and nonthreatening, must also be geared to small dogs.  Books offering suggestions exist as do trainers experienced with training the smallest of dogs.  This will be fun!
Background Information
Year range of first recognition: late in the 19th century the Papillon type is clearly seen in artwork
Country of Origin: France and Belgium
Original Function: Companion
History: Descended from the popular Continental Toy Spaniel, it is only in the late 19th century that the popular erect ear appears to have been refined.
Adoption Information

Deviations from Standard:
Health Notes: generally very hardy, some instance of heart, immune and hemophilia (vWD); luxating patellas, back issues, hypothyroidism, cancer, kidney problems in old age
Health Testing: Thyroid Panel, vWD, OFA (patellas, heart), CERF (eyes)
Questions to ask Breeder:  - The Breeder Questions as listed here provided with explanations and answers you will want to be looking for!

  • How long have you had Papillons?
  • What titles do you seek for your breeding stock?
  • How did you choose the sire for this litter?
  • Do you have a written contract and puppy guarantee?
  • How often do you breed?
  • What health problems does the breed have?
  • What health problems have you encountered with your line?
  • What health problems are your breeding stock screened for?
  • How would you recommend socializing a puppy?
  • What training methods do you recommend?
Web Sites: - Papillon Club of America Rescue - Papillon Rescue that helps mixes and purebreds regardless of health, age or other factors

Other Resources
Breed standard: - Breed Standard of the Papillon  by the Pipllon Club of America - The Kennel Club (UK) Standard of the Papillon

Breeder Ethics: - Article on Responsible Papillon Breeders

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