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English Toy Spaniel
The smallest of the Spaniel breeds, the English Toy Spaniel possesses the drive to be a loving companion as a gift for the loss of any hunting drive it once possessed.  Little surprise, it has been hundreds of years (their ancestors appear in paintings from the 1400s) since they skyrocketed into popularity and reknown by being the favorite of King Charles.  During his reign he was known to favor the rescue of his beloved dogs from shipwrecks over that of the nobility and he past decrees (which still stand today) that these dogs must be welcome in all business establishments.  King Charles was not alone and while the breed may not enjoy the popularity it once had, it definitely still enjoys an enthusiastic and loyal following among its fanciers.

By Breed Name
By Breed Name
General Information
Group(s): Toy Height: usually 9-13 inches
Weight: 8-14 pounds Longevity: high teens
Colors: ruby (solid red), blenheim (red and white), prince charles (tri color), king charles (black and tan) Coat type: profusely spaniel type (silky but with minimal wave if at all and feathering)
Recognized Registries: NCA, FCI, UKC, AKC and others
Overall Appearance: Compact, square toy dog with a short nose and domed head. Clearly reminiscent of its Spaniel heritage.
Personaility - Behavior - Training
Energy Level: low to moderate
General Nature: low key, genial and relaxed
  with Children: Most toy breeds are too vulnerable and fragile for young children, however, the English Toy Spaniel has a nature well suited to well behaved children
  with other pets: generally very good
  with dogs: generally excellent
Socialization requirements: high: without proper socialization the English Toy is inclined to be a small tyrant or very fearful;
Ideal home characteristics: Awareness of their fragility is important while appreciating their general sense of being
Temperament Notes: Sensitive, inquisitive, intelligent, mild tempered
Training requirement: moderate: socialization with basic manners
Trainer notes: Far from athletic, the English Toy Spaniel nevertheless possesses a personality and attitude that makes it every bit as happy working along side you in an obedience or agility ring as napping on the couch.  As such, the goals of the training are completely within the field of the trainer.  Those goals should ideally focus on happy times for dog and handler, as the talents of the English Toy Spaniel are many but they likely do not include the focus and drive necessary to be a high powered competitor in the modern world of Dog Sport.
Background Information
Year range of first recognition: Pre 1400 as the ancestor of the English Toy as we know it appears in paintings of that era.
Country of Origin: England
Original Function: companion
History: The Cavalier Type Spaniel appears as early as the 1400s in paintings, this breed eventually became the English Toy Spaniel with the Cavalier type and then resurrected in modern times.
Adoption Information
Deviations from Standard: oversized, poor dentition, hanging tongue
Health Notes: heart problems; slipped patellas, eye problems, back/neck issues, hanging tongue
Health Testing: OFA, CERF,
Questions to ask Breeder:  http://www.digitaldog.com/breeder_questions.html  - The Breeder Questions as listed here provided with explanations and answers you will want to be looking for!
  • How long have you had English Toy Spaniels?
  • Why do you have English Toy Spaniels (show, performance, hunting, etc.)?
  • What do you consider to be the most important single characteristic of an English Toy Spaniel?
  • What health issues have you seen in the breed?
  • What criteria do you set for your breeding stock?
  • Do you plan to keep a puppy from this litter?
  • How often do you have puppies?
  • Do you have a written contract and puppy guarantee?
  • At what age do you sent your pups to their homes?
  • How would you describe the ideal English Toy Spaniel?
  • How would you describe the ideal English Toy Spaniel home?
  • Are your puppies whelped in your home?
  • What advice would you offer someone in raising and training an English Toy Spaniel?
  • How do you assist or help English Toy Spaniels in need of rescue?
  • Web Sites:

    English Toy Spaniel Club of America Rescue Contact:Mary Hoagland
    609-397-3148

    Sue Kisielewski (804)946-2417

    Other Resources
    Breed standard:

    http://www.etsca.org/standard.htm - English Toy Spaniel Standard

    Breeder Ethics: None is available online.  As the English Toy Spaniel Club of America has a website this is a grave oversight and disservice to the breed they claim to serve as the custodian for.
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