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English Springer Spaniel
The English Springer Spaniel is a surprise in the world of Dogs.  Glamorous and successful in the show ring (even when competing against the wonder of Cocker Spaniels and Setters) the ESS would seem a popular and well-regarded breed.  Instead, its numbers in shelters and rescues bely some misunderstanding or expectation that people hold when taking home a delightful ESS pup.  The excessive number of irresponsible breeders only complicate the problem, presenting the ESS as a dog that is suitable for all homes with minimal grooming.  Indeed, an ESS is a great consideration for any responsible home that takes the time to rear and care for a special companion but they are not a good candidate for those homes who expect a puppy to be left alone 10 hours a day to rear itself.  In fact, no puppy is.  Regardless, for those who understand how to assist an ESS in its goal of being a well adjusted and charming companion, their efforts are richly rewarded.

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General Information
Group(s): SportingSpaniel Height: 18-21 inches
Weight: 35-55 pounds Longevity: teens
Colors: black/white, liver/white, tri-color, liver or blue roan Coat type: short, soft, dense undercoat with long, flat, outercoat allowing for fringe on skirt, ears and legs
Recognized Registries: NCA, FCI, UKC, AKC and others
Overall Appearance: Medium, compact and nicely built, the slightly rectilinear ESS creates a very pleasing picture with its moderate musculature and sleek coat. Recognized by many from tapestries and art of the Middle Ages.
Personaility - Behavior - Training
Energy Level: moderate to high
General Nature: intelligent, active, reactive, attentive
  with Children: good ONLY if properly socialized and supervised
  with other pets: generally good with the possible exception of birds due to their working history
  with dogs: generally good
Socialization requirements: moderately high, due to several factors including tendencies toward shyness and dominance, the ESS should be thoroughly socialized from early in life
Ideal home characteristics: One that recognizes the exceptional companion an ESS can become with appropriate support, training and guidance. Regular (but relatively minor) grooming needs and moderate exercise requirements do not preclude the ESS from a vast majority of homes.
Temperament Notes: Generally inclined toward some shyness, there are few breeds that benefit more from a good socialization schedule. The potential of the ESS is difficult to express because of their outstanding physical and mental abilities. Socializing makes it possible
Training requirement: moderate; socializing, basic manners and some activity generally help the ESS become an exceptional companion
Trainer notes:

With a trusting and confident ESS as your training partner, there is little that could not be achieved!  Easy to train, happy to participate the ESS shows incredible aptitude for many aspects of dog sport.  The most critical component is the early socializing which allows the ESS to live with the experience and foundation to approach the world with assurance.

 

Background Information
Year range of first recognition: Spaniel-type dogs in art of the 1500s
Country of Origin: England
Original Function: flushing spaniel
History: Throughout the 19th century smaller and larger Spaniels would emerge from the same litter. The smaller were called Cockers and the larger, Springers. In 1902, Springer was settled upon and the breed became specific and popular fairly quickly everywhere.
Adoption Information
Deviations from Standard: oversize, incorrect head, inadequate coat,
Health Notes: hip dysplasia, eye problems, seizuring, temperament disorders, PFK deficiency, skin and ear problems
Health Testing: OFA, CERF, blood test for PFK,
Questions to ask Breeder:

http://www.digitaldog.com/breeder_questions.html  - The Breeder Questions as listed here provided with explanations and answers you will want to be looking for!

http://www.essfta.org/Spaniel%20Manual/spanmanl07.htm- Questions any GOOD ESS breeder would be pleased to answer

 

Web Sites:

http://www.bobjanuary.com/essrhp.htm- English Springer Spaniel Rescue of NYC, NJ and Long Island

http://www.springerrescue.org/springers.html- National English Springer Rescue

http://www.essfta.org/essfta/rescue.htm- English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association Rescue

 

Other Resources
Breed standard:

http://www.essfta.org/standard.htm- English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association Standard

Breeder Ethics:

http://www.essfta.org/essfta/breedersguidelines.htm- Breeder Guidelines by the English Springer Spaniel Field Trial Association

http://www.essfta.org/Spaniel%20Manual/spanmanl05.htm- Choosing an ESS Breeder

http://www.essfta.org/Spaniel%20Manual/spanmanl06.htm- What to expect from a good ESS Breeder

 

Other: If you are considering an English Springer Spaniel, you will, no doubt, hear of a malady associated specifically with the breed. Rage Syndrome has created quite a stir and a great deal of misinformation abounds.  Reading this article will be of great benefit to any and all who wish to be knowledgable on the subject. http://www.essfta.org/Health_Research/aggression.htm
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